Platelet Rich Plasma is an exciting new procedure that has emerged in the field of autologous (from the horse’s own body) therapy. Platelets are small cells within the blood that help with many functions in the body. They contain a variety of growth factors such as transforming growth factor beta, vascular endothelial growth factor, and platelet derived growth factor. These growth factors interact with the local cells and even send signals that initiate a variety of important events such as cell division and migration. Platelet Rich Plasma is that portion of the blood that contains these platelets and growth factors. By injecting PRP directly into damaged tendons and ligaments, we can help the body regenerate itself. Also, by using PRP in combination with Stem Cell therapy, we are providing a scaffolding for the stem cells as well as the growth factors to promote the Stem Cell function.
The procedure is fairly simple and requires a simple blood draw from your horse. The blood is then centrifuged and the platelet rich portion of the blood is harvested. Once harvested, it is injected (usually by ultrasound guidance) into the lesion.
Common applications are usually for tendons or ligament injuries. Other uses are currently being investigated.